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State Of The Art Glass Buildings Around The Globe

What Is Building Glass? Architectural Glass is known as that Glass, which is used as a building material. It is most commonly used as transparent glazing material in the building enclosure, including windows in the outside walls.  Building Glass is also used for interior partitions and architectural purposes. Who Made the First Glass? Did you ever wonder who was the first person to make glass? Let me reveal this to you, according to the archaeological data, the first human-made glass was in Eastern Mesopotamia and Egypt, almost 3500 BC. The first glass kettles were made about 1500 BC in Egypt and Mesopotamia. So, the Egyptian were the first to make and use glass. In the beginning, it was tough and slow to produce glass. Glass melting heaters were small, and the heat they produced was barely sufficient to melt glass. But in the first century BC, Syrian craftsmen invented the blowpipe. This revolutionary discovery made glass production more comfortable, faster, and cheaper. Glass as a building material: Glass has been an exciting material for humankind since it was first made. It is one of the most unique and most used materials in the building industry. At first, it was considered to possess magical properties. Glass has come a long way from its humble beginnings as a windowpane in Pompeii's luxury houses to modern structural members in new age buildings. Its role in architecture has developed over the years. Now, building glass has become a vital part of new-age buildings. Types of Glass Used in Constructions: There are different types of building glass which are used in the construction buildings. Every type has its properties and uses upon which they are selected for a building. The most used types of building glass are: 1.Float glass 2.Shatterproof glass 3.Laminated glass 4.Extra clean glass 5.Chromatic glass 6.Tinted glass 7.Toughened glass 8.Glass blocks 9.Glass wool 10.Insulated glazed unit Engineering Properties of Building Glass: Building Glass has some engineering properties upon which it is selected and used as a building material. Building Glass design is mainly based on these properties. Main properties of Building Glass are listed below:

  1. Transparency
  2. Strength
  3. Work ability
  4. Transmittance
  5. U value
  6. Recycling property.
  •  1. Transparency:

Transparency is the leading property of glass, which provides the vision of the outside world through it. The clarity of glass can be from both sides or one side only. In one sided transparency, glass functions like a mirror from the other side. This property of building glass makes it perfect for use as a building material.

  • 2. Strength:

The strength of glass depends on the modulus of rupture value of glass. In the general, glass is a fragile material, but by adding admixtures and laminates, we can make it more powerful. Building glass strength is the primary key to its use in construction.

  • 3. Work ability:   

Glass can be fashioned into any shape, or it can be blown through melting. So, the work ability of glass is an excellent property. We can transform glass into any form while melting. This property of glass attracts the craftsmen a lot to choose building glass for their buildings.

  • 4. Transmittance:

Transmittance estimates the amount of light able to pass through a substance without the substance reflecting or absorbing it. We can control the transmittance of building glass. Either we can make it ultimately reflecting or partially reflecting. Transmittance makes glass ideal for building construction.

  • 5. U Value:

U value expresses the amount of heat transferred through the glass. If a glass is said to be an insulated unit, then it should have lower u value. We can control u value of building glass. We can make building glass fully insulated by reducing its u value.

  • 6. Recycling of building glass:

 Any glass is 100% recyclable. It can also be used as a raw material in the construction business. We can recycle the building glass easily to reuse it. When a glass has served its purpose, we can recycle it to reuse it for any other object. First glass building in the world:  Oriel Chambers in Liverpool is the world's first glass building.  Architect Peter Ellis  built it in 1864. It is on Water Street near the town hall in Liverpool, England. This building started the eternal age of glass buildings. Top 5 Most Beautiful Glass Buildings In The World:  Let’s count down the top 5 most beautiful glass buildings in the world today: #5: THE LOUVRE PYRAMID: Location: Paris, FRA Opened: 1989 Cost: ~£9,500,000 It was opened in 1989; the Louvre Pyramid is a charming four-sided triangular structure lying in the courtyard of Paris' famous Louvre art gallery. In somewhat of a distinction with its exceptional beauty, glass and steel are the building's only parts. Unexpectedly, the Louvre Pyramid is now one of France's most famous tourist landmarks. #4: THE NATIONAL CENTRE FOR THE PERFORMING ARTS: Location: Beijing, CHN Opened: 2007 Cost: ~£250,000,000 Sometimes named as ‘The Giant Egg’ by locals, the National Centre for the Performing Arts is one of Asia’s most notable glass buildings. Notably, the National Centre for Performing Arts is a theatre and arts center. Five thousand people can be accommodated in 3 separate halls to watch art forms such as Opera and Ballet. #3: ALDAR HEADQUARTERS: Location: Abu Dhabi, ARE Opened: 2010 Cost: ~£200,000,000   The Aldar Headquarters is the name of this impressive building. In short, the building is located near Al Raha Beach in Abu Dhabi. Unsurprisingly, the building has won various awards for its exceptional architecture and futuristic design. This glass building is designed to look both majestic and remarkable in equal measure. #2: EVOLUTION TOWER:   Location: Moscow, RUS Opened: 2014 Cost: ~£385,000,000 This one-of-a-kind skyscraper is the Evolution Tower. This 55-story office building is 837 feet (255 meters) high and is settled in Moscow’s international business center. However, it is a famous glass building among locals and tourists who appreciate its futuristic, DNA-like look. #1: W BARCELONA HOTEL: Location: Barcelona, ESP Opened: 2009 Cost: ~£220,000,000 This building is sometimes mentioned as the ‘Sail Hotel’ because of its similarity to a ship’s sail, the W Hotel in Barcelona most beautiful glass building in the world. The impressive building is a suitable home to a 26-story, 5-star hotel containing 473 rooms and 57 suites. Finally, the beautiful glass structure is 324 feet (98.8 meters) tall. Building Glass Market: The global market for building glass witnessed fast growth from 2012 and was projected to grow at a CAGR of 7.08%. Now it has reached $115.08 billion this year. The demand for building glass is increasing at a notable speed and is projected to grow at an even higher rate in the near future. With the growing population and increased incomes of people, the building construction industry is growing, and consequently, so is the building glass market. Top 5 Glass Exports By countries: Below are the top 5 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of glass. 1.China: US$17.9 billion (23.4% of total glass exports) 2.Germany: $7.2 billion (9.4%) 3.United States: $5.5 billion (7.2%) 4.France: $3.4 billion (4.4%) 5.Japan: $3.2 billion (4.2%) Largest Glass Manufacturer in The World: Top 10 Glass manufacturer companies are listed below with their revenue.  

Sr. No Name Revenue
1 Saint Gobain $49.3 billion
2 PPG Industries $15.1 billion
3 Corning International $11.5 billion
4 AGC Co. $14.9 billion
5 Kyocera Co $14.6 billion
6 Nippon Sheet Glass Co $5.7 billion
7 Guardian Industries $5.6 billion
8 Fuyao Glass Industry Group $2.8 billion
9 Vitro Glass $2.1 billion
10 China Glass Holdings $333.7 million

  Building Glass Market Trends in Future: The global building glass market is likely to gain friction from the fast industrialization. It pushes the demand for building glass as it is being used widely in commercial buildings to save energy. It is done by maximizing the usage of natural light. Building Glass Market Size will be Worth US$ 153.21 Billion in 2026; energy saving needs will boost this growth. Building glass is growing demand in the building & construction industry due to its superior thermal insulation and acoustic insulation. The increasing number of infrastructural improvement and construction projects would add to the building glass market extension in the near future. 

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By Saha on October 19, 2021

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