These are plants that are grown for decoration in gardens and landscape design plans, as houseplants, cut flowers, and specimen display. The farming of ornamental plants is called floriculture, which is a main branch of horticulture.
List of ornamental plants:
Ornamental plants are usually the main features of the landscape. You can find ornamental plants in various cultivars, from roses to grasses and from deciduous to evergreen. Some ornamentals that grow attract hummingbirds and butterflies, while others add colors to your garden.
Roses have many different varieties. You can grow rose bushes, tree roses, climbing roses, small roses, and shrub roses in every rainbow color.
Ornamental bulb plants:
Daffodils, tulips, lilies, and onion plants are among the ornamental types that grow from bulbs or rhizomes. Plants nurtured from bulbs grow regularly, but you may need to dig up the bulbs and save them overwinter in colder environments. You can plant the same bulbs again in the spring for seasonal blossoms.
Conifers are evergreen trees and bushes that remain green during every season. They are among the most common ornamental plants because they add color to the landscape even during the severest winters. Juniper, cedar, fir, and have many types within the species, all of which are regarded as ornamental conifers.
Pampas grass, meadow foxtail, sedge, bamboo, papyrus, blue fescue, and fountain grass are among the ornamental grasses ready to decorate your garden. Many kinds of decorative grass are evergreen.
Camellia, barberry, lilac, weigela, and heath are common types of ornamental shrubs. Particular varieties of maple and dogwood are also recognized shrubs. Except for low-growing conifers such as junipers and others such as holly, almost all ornamental shrubs are deciduous.
Japanese maple, along with many other maples, weeping willow, and birch are between the types of ornamental trees that do not blossom. Ornamental trees that do bloom include pear, apple, magnolia, cherry, and lilac. All of these ornamental trees are deciduous--they drop their leaves over the winter and grow new leaves in the spring.
Sweet-smelling herbs such as mint, sage, lavender, and marigold are just a few of the ornamental plants produced for aromatherapy uses and culinary. Thyme, basil, and rosemary are ornamental plants that give flavor to your recipes and provide a pleasing smell in your garden.
Reasons for growing ornamental plants:
An ornamental plant is planted for decoration, rather than food or other by-products. Ornamental plants may be produced in a flowerbed, shaped into a boundary, or placed in a sunny apartment window. They are most usually intentionally planted for artistic appeal, but a plant that grows naturally and magnifies the landscape could also be regarded ornamental. The most obvious use of ornamental plants is for visual effect.
Ornamental plants are used in gardens and throughout the home to decorate the surroundings. A large, lush plant in a living room gives a pop of color and helps soften sharp lines from furniture and architectural design. A large dogwood tree in the middle of the front yard awakens with beautiful pink or white flowers to flood the yard with color in spring. Exposed concrete block foundations are usually covered with hedges of boxwood, privet, and other shrubs. You can even use vegetables and fruit trees ornamentally when the plants present themselves in some way to improve the visual attraction of the landscape.
Many ornamental plants are preferred because they appeal to the sense of smell and their visual charm. Lavender is widely considered for its pleasant fragrance, although generally harvested for lavender oil. It is commonly planted in home landscapes for its smell while in blossom. Roses are another type of flowers famous for their pleasant aroma. A walk through a rose garden is sure to lure visitors into leaning for a smell of the floral fragrance.
Some fragrant plants prove useful at repelling outside pests, such as ants, mosquitoes, and flies. Perhaps the most popular is the citronella plant, a kind of geranium with a lemon smell. The shadowy blooms of ageratum plants are common in flowerbeds, but the flowers also produce coumarin, a natural mosquito repellent.
Ornamental plants provide food and safety for many wildlife species. While some wildlife wreaks destruction on carefully-designed landscapes, other species are responsible for pollination and reproduction, making this attraction important to the ecosystem. Choosing local plant species assures there are ornamental plants in your garden accustomed to attract native wildlife. Fruit- and berry-producing plants draw birds and small animals. Ornamental plants that provide berries include hawthorn, crabapple. Entire gardens of ornamentals are usually dedicated to attract butterflies. Plants to add in a butterfly garden are purple coneflower, coast angelica, coast buckwheat, and pipevine. Twinberry is a primary species that provides food for insects and hummingbirds with its flowers, and its berries are food for other birds.
Without plants, we wouldn't have clean air to breathe, because plants produce oxygen during photosynthesis. Plants take in carbon dioxide as food and release pure oxygen, serving as natural air filters. This is especially helpful for indoor environments, where airflow is limited compared to outdoors. Ornamental houseplants keep indoor air quality improved. They even remove tobacco smoke and volatile organic compounds such as formaldehyde, trichloroethylene, and benzene. The healthier a plant is, the more efficient it is at eliminating dangerous poisons from the air. A National Aeronautics and Space Administration research recommends using up to 18 plants in 6- to 8-inch vessels to clean the air in a 1,800-square-foot house.
Role of ornamental plants in human psychology:
Ornamental plants play an essential role in human health and psychology. Human health is dependent on well-working ecosystems. We can not live without the items and services that nature gives to purify our air and water, maintain soil productivity, pollinate plants, and many more. We live in a very unnatural environment where we rely on mechanical systems. An option to manufactured or engineered solutions enhance residents' well-being, decrease operating expenses, and improve environmental quality. Exposed to plant environments, people have more positive sentiments. In a plant-shaped office, people overcome stress faster, and employees show a notable improvement in their performance and concentration. Problem-solving skills, ideation, and creativity all improve considerably. In a workplace with plants and flowers, we are more productive, and green workplaces help beginner and hire workers. When plants were added to inside office space, the employees were more productive (12% quicker response time on the computer task) and less stressed (systolic blood pressure readings dropped by one to four units). Shortly after completing the assignment, participants in the room with plants showed more attentive than people in the room with no plants. When we shop in plant-shaped conditions, we visit more regularly, stay longer, rate quality higher, and are ready to pay more. Hence, interaction with plants, both outdoor and indoor, can improve human emotions, behaviors, and psychological responses.
Ornamental plants market anticipation:
The global ornamental plant market is foreseen to increase by USD 28.98 billion as per Technavio. This indicates a market slow down compared to the 2019 increase estimates due to the influence of the COVID-19 situation in the first half of 2020. However, healthy growth is anticipated to resume throughout the projection period, and the market is assumed to expand at a CAGR of around 6%.
Name: Azan Muzamil.
Revised Date: 14-08-2020