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Krone, Lemken's Joint Project in Tractor Market

Krone and Lemken companies, both located in Germany, have cooperatively ventured in develping an autonomous tractor. This is while neither has so far shown interest in getting into tractor category.

The two companies’ statement explains the outlines of the new project’s hardware and its functionality; the new product will be competitive in tractor industry.  

Combined Powers is the name of the joint project and design concept- which is an autonomous ‘process unit’, including a drive unit and various implements. Processes of cultivating, ploughing, sowing, mowing, tedding and raking were tested last year.

The drive unit devised to provide the incoming powers of the implements for the processes uses a diesel-electric drive generating up to 170kW. The machine drives the wheels through electric transmission.

Offering a sustainable solution to the workforce shortage in farming, the unit keeps farmers from long hours in the fields. Meanwhile, they are able to run the autonomous unit with quality work. 

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By Saha on March 18, 2022

Why Grow More Ornamental Plants In Your Garden?

Ornamental plants:

These are plants that are grown for decoration in gardens and landscape design plans, as houseplants, cut flowers, and specimen display. The farming of ornamental plants is called floriculture, which is a main branch of horticulture.

List of ornamental plants:

Ornamental plants are usually the main features of the landscape. You can find ornamental plants in various cultivars, from roses to grasses and from deciduous to evergreen. Some ornamentals that grow attract hummingbirds and butterflies, while others add colors to your garden.


Roses have many different varieties. You can grow rose bushes, tree roses, climbing roses, small roses, and shrub roses in every rainbow color.

Ornamental bulb plants:

Daffodils, tulips, lilies, and onion plants are among the ornamental types that grow from bulbs or rhizomes. Plants nurtured from bulbs grow regularly, but you may need to dig up the bulbs and save them overwinter in colder environments. You can plant the same bulbs again in the spring for seasonal blossoms.


Conifers are evergreen trees and bushes that remain green during every season. They are among the most common ornamental plants because they add color to the landscape even during the severest winters. Juniper, cedar, fir, and have many types within the species, all of which are regarded as ornamental conifers.

Ornamental grass:

Pampas grass, meadow foxtail, sedge, bamboo, papyrus, blue fescue, and fountain grass are among the ornamental grasses ready to decorate your garden. Many kinds of decorative grass are evergreen.

Ornamental shrubs:

Camellia, barberry, lilac, weigela, and heath are common types of ornamental shrubs. Particular varieties of maple and dogwood are also recognized shrubs. Except for low-growing conifers such as junipers and others such as holly, almost all ornamental shrubs are deciduous.


 Japanese maple, along with many other maples, weeping willow, and birch are between the types of ornamental trees that do not blossom. Ornamental trees that do bloom include pear, apple, magnolia, cherry, and lilac. All of these ornamental trees are deciduous--they drop their leaves over the winter and grow new leaves in the spring.


Sweet-smelling herbs such as mint, sage, lavender, and marigold are just a few of the ornamental plants produced for aromatherapy uses and culinary. Thyme, basil, and rosemary are ornamental plants that give flavor to your recipes and provide a pleasing smell in your garden.

Reasons for growing ornamental plants:

An ornamental plant is planted for decoration, rather than food or other by-products. Ornamental plants may be produced in a flowerbed, shaped into a boundary, or placed in a sunny apartment window. They are most usually intentionally planted for artistic appeal, but a plant that grows naturally and magnifies the landscape could also be regarded ornamental. The most obvious use of ornamental plants is for visual effect.

Add beauty:

Ornamental plants are used in gardens and throughout the home to decorate the surroundings. A large, lush plant in a living room gives a pop of color and helps soften sharp lines from furniture and architectural design. A large dogwood tree in the middle of the front yard awakens with beautiful pink or white flowers to flood the yard with color in spring. Exposed concrete block foundations are usually covered with hedges of boxwood, privet, and other shrubs. You can even use vegetables and fruit trees ornamentally when the plants present themselves in some way to improve the visual attraction of the landscape.


Many ornamental plants are preferred because they appeal to the sense of smell and their visual charm. Lavender is widely considered for its pleasant fragrance, although generally harvested for lavender oil.  It is commonly planted in home landscapes for its smell while in blossom. Roses are another type of flowers famous for their pleasant aroma. A walk through a rose garden is sure to lure visitors into leaning for a smell of the floral fragrance.

Some fragrant plants prove useful at repelling outside pests, such as ants, mosquitoes, and flies. Perhaps the most popular is the citronella plant, a kind of geranium with a lemon smell. The shadowy blooms of ageratum plants are common in flowerbeds, but the flowers also produce coumarin, a natural mosquito repellent.

Attract wildlife:

Ornamental plants provide food and safety for many wildlife species. While some wildlife wreaks destruction on carefully-designed landscapes, other species are responsible for pollination and reproduction, making this attraction important to the ecosystem. Choosing local plant species assures there are ornamental plants in your garden accustomed to attract native wildlife. Fruit- and berry-producing plants draw birds and small animals. Ornamental plants that provide berries include hawthorn, crabapple. Entire gardens of ornamentals are usually dedicated to attract butterflies. Plants to add in a butterfly garden are purple coneflower, coast angelica, coast buckwheat, and pipevine. Twinberry is a primary species that provides food for insects and hummingbirds with its flowers, and its berries are food for other birds.

Clean air:

Without plants, we wouldn't have clean air to breathe, because plants produce oxygen during photosynthesis. Plants take in carbon dioxide as food and release pure oxygen, serving as natural air filters. This is especially helpful for indoor environments, where airflow is limited compared to outdoors. Ornamental houseplants keep indoor air quality improved. They even remove tobacco smoke and volatile organic compounds such as formaldehyde, trichloroethylene, and benzene. The healthier a plant is, the more efficient it is at eliminating dangerous poisons from the air. A National Aeronautics and Space Administration research recommends using up to 18 plants in 6- to 8-inch vessels to clean the air in a 1,800-square-foot house.

Role of ornamental plants in human psychology:

Ornamental plants play an essential role in human health and psychology. Human health is dependent on well-working ecosystems. We can not live without the items and services that nature gives to purify our air and water, maintain soil productivity, pollinate plants, and many more. We live in a very unnatural environment where we rely on mechanical systems. An option to manufactured or engineered solutions enhance residents' well-being, decrease operating expenses, and improve environmental quality. Exposed to plant environments, people have more positive sentiments. In a plant-shaped office, people overcome stress faster, and employees show a notable improvement in their performance and concentration. Problem-solving skills, ideation, and creativity all improve considerably. In a workplace with plants and flowers, we are more productive, and green workplaces help beginner and hire workers. When plants were added to inside office space, the employees were more productive (12% quicker response time on the computer task) and less stressed (systolic blood pressure readings dropped by one to four units). Shortly after completing the assignment, participants in the room with plants showed more attentive than people in the room with no plants. When we shop in plant-shaped conditions, we visit more regularly, stay longer, rate quality higher, and are ready to pay more. Hence, interaction with plants, both outdoor and indoor, can improve human emotions, behaviors, and psychological responses.

 Ornamental plants market anticipation:

The global ornamental plant market is foreseen to increase by USD 28.98 billion as per Technavio. This indicates a market slow down compared to the 2019 increase estimates due to the influence of the COVID-19 situation in the first half of 2020. However, healthy growth is anticipated to resume throughout the projection period, and the market is assumed to expand at a CAGR of around 6%.

Name: Azan Muzamil.

Revised Date: 14-08-2020

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By Saha on October 19, 2021

Cocoa Beans - Best Organic Superfood

Cocoa beans:

The cocoa bean or only cocoa is the preserved and entirely-fermented seed of Theobroma cacao. We can extract cocoa solids (a blend of non-fat items) and cocoa butter (the fat) from it. Cocoa beans are the source of chocolate.

A short history of cocoa beans:

Cocoa was a well-established crop and item of commerce in the 16th century in Central America. In 1520, when Cortés discovered Mexico City, he found that these people were using cocoa beans to prepare a luxury drink "chocolate." It was made by roasting the whole cocoa beans, crushing them, and mixing with maize meal, vanilla, and chili. They were mixed with a special whisk; optionally in the fashion still used today in Colombia, the Philippines, and elsewhere. The Aztec peoples had not grown these cocoa beans, but Mayas did, who gave them as an offering to Montezuma. At that time, cocoa had more importance than merely being the main component of a drink. As the cocoa beans were easy to count and were comparatively expensive, they were extensively used. In Mexico, this use for cocoa beans appeared to last until at least 1840.

Cocoa Beans

In 1876, Daniel Peter mixed milk with cocoa and sugar to make milk chocolate, and this started the very accelerated growth in chocolate demand from the start of the 20th century. With this, cocoa farming on a large scale began, and there was a variation in the levels of production from South America and the Caribbean to West Africa. People started to plant Forastero types more than Criollo types, because of their higher yield potential and excellent protection from pests and infections. In the 1850s, beans from Criollo types considered for almost 80% of cocoa's entire global production. By 1900, it dropped to 40-45%, and since then it stayed to fall regularly and only 1 or 2% in 1998.

Source of cocoa beans:

Cocoa beans are the main source of all chocolate and cocoa around the world. We can get these beans in the cocoa tree's pods. The cocoa tree is an evergreen plant, usually grown within 15 to 20 degrees of the equator. It requires hot and humid conditions. Cocoa beans undergo a dissolving and drying process before we use them for chocolate or cocoa production. During the complicated dissolving process, the cocoa bean undergoes many changes. The sugar-containing fruit mash, which would be difficult to dispose of by any other way, is split by ferments. The heat produced during the process brings the pieces to a temperature of about 50°C. This heat destroys the growing properties of cocoa seeds. The constricting and sour taste decreases.

Can you eat raw cocoa beans?

Yes, you can eat the Cacao bean raw. It is tasty, stimulating, and super good for you and your health. Cacao has been ranked the highest superfood. It has the highest antioxidants.

Products we can get from cocoa beans:

Once we have fermented and dried the beans, we can process them to produce a variety of products. These products are:
Cocoa butter - Cocoa butter is used in the production of chocolate. It is also significantly used in cosmetic products such as moisturizing creams and soaps.
Cocoa powder - Cocoa powder can be used as an element in almost any foodstuff. For example, it is used in chocolate-flavored beverages. It is also used in chocolate-flavored sweets such as ice cream and mousse, chocolate cheeses and sauces, and cakes and biscuits.
Cocoa liquor - Cocoa liquor is used, with other elements, to produce chocolate. It's composed of a mixture of cocoa solids and cocoa butter, typically at a 50:50 ratio.
Cocoa beans are the superfood of the future:
Superfoods are described as food items that can ward off diseases like cancer, heart diseases, cholesterol, and others. Any food having significant vitamins, antioxidants, dietary fibers, minerals, and enzymes can be considered as a superfood. Cocoa beans are believed to be included in it anytime in the future. The pure natural cocoa bean is the next superfood. You can also eat cocoa beans in raw form. But it is more suitable to process it appropriately and added as an element to food before eating them. The most popular end products of cocoa beans are chocolates and chocolate beverages. Yes, chocolates can be good for you too while chocolates are always pointed to as the candied food that can make you fat and unhealthy. There's a particular chocolate type that can keep you in the pink of health at all times - dark chocolate. A small bar or a piece of dark chocolate should be enough to do miracles to your health. All superfoods have to be eaten in the precise amounts to release their goodness. This is particularly true with chocolates because it could have high amounts of calories in each bar. This is why you should eat them in balance.

Choosing the Right Cacao Bean:

If there is a situation where you have to pick out your organic cocoa beans, there are different things you should look for. The difference between the beans of different companies is pretty shocking when they are compared side by side. When picking out an organic cacao bean, the first thing you should look at is the color and the feel. The beans should be a vibrant golden-brown color, and they should be almost dry. Avoid black or very dark beans because that is a good sign that they have many bacteria, which can potentially be harmful. The unhealthy beans will look a little bad, and they will be softer to the touch. Other than the color and feel of the organic cacao beans, it would be best to look at the conditions they are dispatched in and how they are stored. The overall health of the beans will be influenced by the conditions they are kept in.

Another way to learn about the beans is to read reviews on them from other people. You won't get anyone more reliable than the general public. If they get a faulty product, they will be angry and generally will tell anyone who listens. It is vital to do the right amount of research before making a large purchase of organic cocoa beans. But if you're buying small orders, feel free to sample the market. Find the beans with the flavor you like.

Who is the largest exporter of cocoa?

Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire) is leading the world in production and export of the cocoa beans. These beans are further used in the manufacture of chocolate. As of 2019, they have been supplying 38% of cocoa produced in the world. Ivory Coast produces 1.8 million tons per year.
Top 3 chocolate companies in the world?
Top 3 chocolate producing companies are:
1. Mars Inc.
2. Mondelez International.
3. Nestlé.

Name: Muzammil
Revised Date: 15-07-2020

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By Saha on October 19, 2021

Water Purifier Suppliers - Finding Quality Water Purifiers

Since so many people in the world are becoming concerned about the water they drink and use for cooking, there is a growing need for water treatment supplies. In addition to this, water quality has become a public concern due to the growth of waterborne diseases, especially cholera and typhoid. Unfortunately, most water treatment equipment that is available to the general public is not designed to meet the needs of today's modern household. As a result, the use of a certified water purifier will provide great benefits in terms of drinking, cooking, bathing, laundry, and all other activities that require drinking and cooking water. You can choose to either go with one of the latest water treatment systems on the market or have them installed by a contractor. Both methods are quite effective; but for those that are looking for something more personal, then you should choose the contractor route. This option will save you money and give you the satisfaction of knowing that the entire family is drinking clean water. The water purifier will be very simple to use. It will simply eliminate bacteria, chemicals, parasites, cysts, and other dangerous pathogens that could potentially cause illness or even death. Not only will the family benefit from this, but all other members of the household as well. With so many water purifiers on the market, you will find that choosing the best one is not an easy task. To make your search easier, you can ask friends, family, and colleagues for their recommendations. If you do not live near anyone that they know, you can do a search online and find out which of the available purifiers is the most recommended by others. While it may seem like it is not necessary to spend as much money as possible on a water purifier, you should really try to avoid spending any more than you have to. The last thing you want to do is spend thousands of dollars on a product that does not work. Even if you end up with a high-end system that makes your family healthier, you will still spend a lot of money on it. The best way to find out if a water purifier is worth the money is to try it out for yourself. Look for a website that will offer a free trial. This will allow you to test the purifier before buying and you will be able to evaluate whether it would be better to spend the money now or to pay a little extra later. If you plan on having a lot of money to spend on a water purifier, then you should look for a company that offers a 60-day money back guarantee. This will ensure that you do not waste any money. Even if you decide after your trial that the purifier is not right for you, you can always return it and get a refund. Keep in mind that your water purifier will not be able to remove chlorine, ammonia, lead, cysts, or any other form of contaminant that can be found in your water. These are the components that make our water safe to drink. To get rid of these, you will need to install a water purifier. If you are uncomfortable installing a water purifier on your own, then you should ask your contractor to do it for you. Remember, the more expensive the unit, the better the quality of the product. The manufacturers also take advantage of high cost when it comes to production, so you should expect to pay a little more for a high-quality system. Water purifiers have come a long way in the past few years. Because of this, they can be found everywhere, both online and in stores that specialize in home improvement items. Once you find a supplier that specializes in water purifiers, you should start shopping around to see what they have to offer. You will likely find a water purifier that meets your needs, allowing you to feel confident that your family is drinking safe, clean water.

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By Saha on October 19, 2021

Agriculture Pumps - How to Find a Supplier

The profession of agricultural pumps is a fascinating one. It is a specialized trade and involves high levels of skill and knowledge. Nevertheless, most of these pumps are used in places where there is water for irrigation or for breeding fish, so the machinery is quite common. Pumping machinery has been around since the Industrial Revolution, but it became popular for farming only after World War II when it was used extensively for agricultural purposes. Agricultural pumps can be made of many materials, and most of them are quite expensive, especially if they need to work on a large scale.

Manufacturers of agricultural pumps

Manufacturers of agricultural pumps provide pumps that are in great demand by farmers. Such machinery includes heavy-duty pumps, backhoe pumps, even complex gear pushers. A supplier of such agricultural pumps can be found easily since there are different suppliers available online. Some companies provide pumps for sale and some even provide pumps for lease. One can also find them at local farm shops, depots, and farm equipment outlets. In order to select agricultural pumps, one has to know what sort of machinery is needed. For instance, there are lawn mowers that need water pumps in order to run smoothly, such as lawn tractors, while industrial pumps need a lot of maintenance and may require the application of various chemicals or fluids.

Quality of agricultural pumps

The engineering, production, and quality of agricultural pumps vary. Such pumps may be used for light tasks like watering plants or doing basic farming. Smaller machines do not usually require these large machinery. Agricultural pumps, as mentioned, have a hydraulic system that allows them to function on a larger scale. There are also mechanical systems that are suited for this purpose. They usually have different combinations of pump types and designs.

Best place to find pumps

The best place to find such pumps is online. There are many manufacturers in this field that sell pumps on sites such as eBay and Amazon. A number of pump designs are available on websites. They all have their own advantages and disadvantages. Buyers have to assess all of these factors before deciding which pump is best for them. Irrigation pumps include a reservoir that holds water. Different types of reservoirs come with different capacities. They vary from three hundred gallons per minute to fifteen thousand gallons per minute. When a farmer needs to irrigate a wide area, he will need a higher volume of water. Hence, his farm equipment will need to be able to handle this kind of job. A reservoir pump is best for watering small areas, while an aerator pump is best for large areas. If you do not know the kind of pump you need, it is best to consult an expert in this field.

Name: Samira H. Revised Date: 22- 06-2020

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By Saha on October 19, 2021


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